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## Portfolio Investing – Get Steady And Consistent Returns With Low Drawdowns, Spending Just 20 Mins Per Month

*by Ron Bertino & Trading Dominion*

### Do you need steady returns with low drawdowns?

Sure. Doesn't everybody?

The problem is that we're led to believe that investing our own money is too risky and we should therefore use hedge funds in order to take care of our long-term investments.

Financial concepts tend to sound quite complicated and involve either having to get deep into the weeds with complicated financial formulas, or resorting to having to become a programmer in order to code up even a simple investment strategy.

### Could you outperform the average hedge fund?

That may sound like a crazy question to ask, but did you know that the average yearly returns of hedge funds are just 4.5% to 5% over the long term? They may be higher in more recent years, where the stock market has been increasing at an incredible rate, but once you include a few stock market crashes, then the yearly returns drop to an average of around 5%.

That's a performance statistic that tracks 600 to 800 of the larger hedge funds, where each of these hedge funds needs to have at least 100 million dollars of customer funds under management.

While you may be frustrated with that level of lackluster performance, hedge funds are still perfectly happy to keep charging you their management fee, no matter how they perform.

### Ray Dalio claims to have found the Holy Grail

While the *average *hedge fund performance has been lackluster, there are certain hedge funds that *do* perform very well. Ray Dalio runs one of the largest hedge funds in the world, called Bridgewater Associates, which as of 2018 manages over 125 billion in customer funds. Ray Dalio himself is a billionaire. So when a person like this makes a statement about having found the Holy Grail, then perhaps we should pay attention.

Here is a short 4 min video, where Ray Dalio explains the concept of the Holy Grail. Note that he'll reference a bunch of terms that you may be unfamiliar with (standard deviation, correlation, alpha, information ratio, etc). Don't worry, by the time you complete this course, you'll know and fully understand all of these financial terms.

The main point he's making is that the Holy Grail can be achieved by trading a variety of trading strategies or portfolios, where the return of each of these portfolios is unrelated to the others. When one strategy or portfolio is losing money, then hopefully the others aren't losing money at the same time.

#### The keys are to:

a) have a variety of different portfolio strategies to choose from

b) be able to measure the degree of correlation between these strategies

You'll be learning both of the above in this course.

### How much pain can you take?

I remember back in 2008 and 2009, during the financial crisis, when I was working for a large IT consulting firm.

I had a bunch of money in a 401K retirement account, and the only way we could "manage" the funds was to choose from a variety of portfolios that they had put together.

At the time, I did what pretty much everyone does, which is to just pick a few of the funds that appeared to perform the best and had relatively small historical drawdowns.

Well, during the 2008/2009 period, my entire 401K retirement account was down by around 45%. Where was the diversification that they claimed to offer in order to protect the portfolio from this huge drawdown?

It was quite painful to watch, yet the fund managers of these accounts still ended up taking their management fees.

### Would you prefer the red or blue line?

The red line represents the returns of the S&P 500, which is an index of the 500 largest companies in the USA. This is what most people tend to refer to when they talk about the "stock market".

The blue line represents the returns of **one of the dozen or so portfolio examples we'll cover in the course**.

### The ideal setup for smooth and consistent returns

As you saw in the Ray Dalio video from above, the ideal situation is to trade a bunch of uncorrelated portfolios together.

Since the profits and losses of the different portfolios will come at different times, this will result in smoother overall returns.

Here are the cumulative returns of a sample of 9 different portfolios that you'll learn when you complete the course. There is no subscription cost involved nor any extra purchases you need to make in order to learn these 9 portfolios. It's all contained within the course and the private forums for the course.

### So what's stopping you?

If you're interested in finance, you've likely flipped through a book on investing or perhaps checked out some blogs about portfolio management but found it all a bit too complicated.

Variance, standard deviation, co-variance, beta, correlation, Sharpe ratio, Martin ratio, Value at risk, efficient frontier, risk parity, etc. The list goes on and on, and nobody is clearly explaining what these things are in simple terms that a normal human can understand.

This is a big reason why most people end up finding it all too difficult and then just give their money to mutual funds or hedge funds, and then resort to just crossing their fingers hoping that they haven't made a terrible mistake.

### It's time to make a change

The main aim of this course is to explain all of those technical financial terms in a way that is simple and easy to understand.

Many of the concepts are explained visually, and we focus on understanding the core idea without getting deep into the weeds.

We focus on things that are practical and are later applied to the analysis of real portfolios.

We will build some spreadsheets together, step by step, in order to make sure that the concepts and calculations are fully understood and internalized.

We'll make use of some extremely powerful and functional online tools that can automate much of the portfolio analysis, all without needing to write a single line of code.

In the course, we'll cover around a dozen or so pre-made portfolios that you can start off with. Additional portfolios and trading strategy ideas will be added over time, as our community continues to grow and share ideas.

## Course contents

**Introduction**

- Welcome to the course
- Strategic versus tactical asset allocation
- Introduction to bonds
- Asset classes
- Hedge funds
- How data can trick you

**Returns**

- Getting historical data
- Linear versus log scale
- Arithmetic and log price returns
- Cumulative arithmetic and log price returns
- Converting arithmetic and log returns
- Arithmetic and geometric mean
- Wealth index
- Performance charts

**Measuring risk**

- Variance and standard deviation
- The portfolio effect
- Sharpe ratio, Sortino ratio, Calmar Ratio, Martin Ratio
- Alpha and Beta
- Correlation and R Squared
- Treynor Ratio and Information Ratio
- Value-At-Risk and Expected Shortfall

**Factor models**

- Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
- Fama French 3-factor model

**Permanent portfolios**

- Equal and Value Weighting Portfolios
- Calculating portfolio returns
- Review of 5 different permanent portfolios

**Moving average filters**

- M.A.F. - single asset
- M.A.F. - all assets in a portfolio

**Modern Portfolio Theory**

- Introduction to MPT
- Correlation and the correlation matrix
- Efficient Frontier
- Minimum variance portfolio and mean-variance efficient portfolios
- Rebalancing
- Return vs risk graph
- Capital Allocation Line, and margin effect on Returns
- Kelly Criterion - optimal f
- Inverse variance portfolio
- Risk parity portfolio

**Dual Momentum**

- Review of 6 different dual momentum portfolios

**Other portfolios**

- Review of two Adaptive Allocation portfolios
- Review of two Core-Satellite portfolios

### Spreadsheets and automation

We will jointly construct spreadsheets that reinforce the concepts presented in the course, using the free Google Sheets technology.

#### Stock analysis spreadsheet

**We will:**

- import historical data from multiple sources
- calculate arithmetic and log returns (standard and cumulative)
- create a performance graph in both linear and log scale
- calculate and graph drawdowns
- calculate various performance and risk stats such as arithmetic and geometric mean, variance, standard deviation, downside deviation, Sharpe ratio, Sortino ratio, Value-At-Risk, Skew, and Kurtosis
- create a pivot table and bar graph showing the historical monthly seasonal performance
- display return frequencies and map that to a normal distribution curve in order to be able to visualize skew and kurtosis

*(Don't worry if all of the above terms sound complicated to you right now. By the end of the course, you're going to be crystal clear on what they mean and how they work)*

#### Conversion spreadsheets

The first spreadsheet will take the output from one of the online portfolio backtesting tools we will use, and then convert the output into a clean time series, which we can then analyze in more detail.

The second spreadsheet will do something very similar but will take calendar-style returns as the input and then convert it into a clean time series for further analysis.

#### Comparison spreadsheet

This spreadsheet will take the log returns of the clean time series data we have now created and will show the results of two different portfolios side by side, together with stats comparing the two.

#### Google Apps Script automation code

One of the aims of this course is to present everything without getting into any programming code.

That said, I have created some Google Apps Script automation code which will greatly assist with some of the above steps, in terms of the conversion and comparison spreadsheets I've mentioned above.

I do not get into explaining any of the Google Apps Script code within the course, but I do make the source code fully available, for anyone who wishes to use it as a reference for their own spreadsheet automation work.

### What about support?

#### 1 - Q&A on every lesson

Every lesson in the course has a "discussions" button that you can click on, which will allow you to ask a question related to that specific lesson.

#### 2 - Slack (Chat) community

Once you sign up for the course, you'll get access to our private Slack community. You'll have a private channel dedicated to people who have gone through this Long Term Investing course. You'll also get access to many other channels that are open to anyone who has taken any course from Trading Dominion. You'll therefore have hundreds of other traders that you can chat with every day.

#### 3 - Private forum

You'll get access to a private forum community for people who have also gone through the Long Term Investing course. You can see/share portfolios and strategies, or ask questions.

#### 4 - Helpdesk system

If you need to communicate privately, then you can also submit a tracked ticket through our helpdesk system.

### Are you an existing options butterfly trader?

If you don't trade broken wing or standard options butterflies, feel free to completely skip over this section.

If you *do* trade options flys, then you may have come to realize that the right wing of the put fly (debit) tends to almost neutralize the credit from the left wing of the fly.

This tends to leave a fairly significant amount of "cash" in your trading account, even though you may be fully utilizing the account for your options trading.

That "cash" can potentially be used in order to buy conservative ETF portfolios.

Let's say that your options trading is going along really well, and you're making a 20% return per year.

After going through this course, you could then consider applying your new knowledge in order to buy some ETF portfolios with that "unused cash", and aim to extract an additional yearly return of perhaps 6% to 10%, with a conservative portfolio that has historically shown to draw down by just 10% over the past 50 years.

Even a 6% bump on your existing 20% return from your options trading is quite a significant improvement, and this is done by using your "unused cash".

#### Let's do it!

In just a few hours you'll be able to learn and understand many of the financial concepts which have been preventing you from confidently controlling your own investments. You'll have access to a dozen or so pre-made portfolios which you can potentially start trading immediately. You'll also be joining an existing private community of hundreds of traders who are already helping each other out and trying to grow together.

Get Portfolio Investing (Get Steady And Consistent Returns With Low Drawdowns, Spending Just 20 Mins Per Month) or the other courses from the same one of these categories: Course, Ron Bertino, Trading Dominion, TradingDominion, Portfolio Investing for free on Cloud Share Network.

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